The gum disease, known as periodontitis is a very common disease that causes damage to the soft tissue as well as the bone that supports the tooth. If not treated the alveolar bone that surrounds the teeth slowly and gradually lost. The word “periodontitis” means “means inflammation around the tooth.
Bacteria, microorganisms adhere to the tooth’s surface as well as in the spaces around the tooth and grow. The immune system responds and release toxins the inflammation begins. If not treated properly, periodontitis may cause tooth loss. It can raise the chance of having a stroke or heart attack as well as other health issues.
Bacterial plaque, which is a colored, sticky layer that develops on the surface of the teeth is the main cause of periodontal diseases. If plaque is not eliminated it may harden to form calculus or tartar. The majority of cases of gum disease can be prevented with excellent dental hygiene.
Fast facts on periodontitis
The condition, known as gum disease is a condition that affects the region surrounding the tooth, which includes the gum and bone. It occurs when plaque and bacteria accumulate on the tooth along with the immune system, triggers reactions.
Proper oral hygiene is an essential to both the treatment as well as prevention however sometimes, surgery may be required. Smoking increases the likelihood of gum disease, as well as treatment that is not effective. There is an association to gum inflammation and other conditions within the body including heart disease.
Symptoms and treatment of periodontal disease
The symptoms and signs of periodontitis can be seen. As the gums receding and the teeth appear longer. There are also gaps between teeth. gums that are inflamed or swollen and persistent swelling of the gums. Bright red, often gums in purple. The gums hurt when contact. receding gums that makes the teeth appear longer.
There are more spaces behind the teeth. There is pus between teeth and gum. bleeding during brushing or flossing. A metallic taste that is present inside the mouth. Halitosis, also known as bad breath. The looseness of teeth. One might say that the “bite” feels different because the teeth don’t fit the way they did in the past.
Treatment of periodontal disease
The goal of treatment is to remove the pockets of bacteria around the teeth to stop further damage to bone and tissue.
Good oral hygiene
Regularly brushing your teeth using a soft toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste is a great way to prevent gum disease. Proper oral hygiene must be maintained regularly, even when the gums and teeth are in good health, to help prevent infections. A good dental hygiene routine includes brushing teeth twice per day and flossing every daily.
If there’s enough distance between your teeth to allow for an interdental dental brush is suggested. Soft-picks are a good option in cases where the space between teeth is narrower. People suffering from arthritis or having difficulty using their hands may find the use of the electric tooth brush is more suitable to ensure a thorough cleaning. The condition is chronic, or chronic, inflammatory condition. In the event that good oral hygiene practices are not maintained, it can be a recurring issue.
Scaling and cleaning
It is essential to eliminate calculus and plaque in order in order to improve the condition of your periodontal health. A dentist will apply scaling and debridement in order to cleanse the gum line below. This could be done with hand instruments as well as an ultrasound device which removes calcium and plaque. The root planning process is used to smooth rough patches on the roots of teeth.
Bacteria may get stuck in the rough spots which can increase the likelihood of gum disease. Based on the amount of plaque and calculus is present the procedure could require just one or two visits. Cleaning is usually recommended once each year, though it may be more frequently, based on the amount of plaque that accumulates.
There are a variety of mouthwashes that are medicated and other remedies are available. A prescription antimicrobial mouth rinse like chlorhexidine. This rinse is used to eliminate the presence of bacteria during treatment for gum disease or after surgical procedures. Patients use this in same way as they use regular mouthwash.
It is a tiny piece of gelatin which is packed with chlorhexidine. It reduces the number of bacteria that can grow and the size of the periodontal pocket. It is placed into the pockets following root planning. The medication is then sealed over time.
The gel contains doxycycline which is an antibiotic. It aids in reducing the growth of the growth of bacteria and reduces the size of pockets in the periodontal system. It is placed into pockets following the root planning and scaling. It is a slow-release drug.
Tiny particles containing minocycline, an antibiotic are put into pockets after roots planning and swelling. This medication slow-release is utilized to reduce the growth of the growth of bacteria and decrease the size of the periodontal pocket.
This helps keep destructive enzymes under control with the use of a small dose of Doxycycline. Certain enzymes are able to destroy gum tissue however this medication may hinder the body’s reaction to enzymes. It is administered orally as pills, and is combined along with root and scaling planning.
Available in tablet or capsule form, these medications are consumed orally. They are prescribed for short-term use for treatments for acute, or persistent periodontal infections.
In the event that good hygiene practices and non-surgical treatment options aren’t working surgery may be required.
A healthcare professional will perform flap surgery to eliminate calculus that is in deep pockets or to shrink the size of the pocket, to ensure that cleaning is much easier. It is done by lifting the gums and the tarter removed. They are sutured in place, ensuring they will fit snugly with the teeth. After the procedure the gums, be healed and can be firmly bonded to the tooth. In some instances, the teeth can appear longer than they did prior to the procedure.
Bone and tissue grafts
This process helps to regenerate the gum tissue or bone which has been damaged. Synthetic or natural bone is inserted where the bone was removed, encouraging the growth of bone. The process of guided tissue renewal is a surgical procedure that makes use of barrier membranes to facilitate the development of gum tissue and bone in areas in which one or both of them are absent.
The goal is to restore tissue and fix defects caused by periodontitis. This procedure involves inserting small pieces of mesh-like material is placed in between bone tissue and the gum. The material keeps the gum from growing into bone and gives the connective tissue and bone the chance to grow. The dentist can also employ specific proteins, or growth factors, to help the body grow bone naturally.
The dentist might suggest the use of a soft tissue graft. This is the process of removing tissue from another region of the mouth or using a synthetic material to cover the exposed tooth roots. The outcome is determined by how severe the condition is, how patients adhere to the proper oral hygiene routine as well as other factors like smoking habits.
The signs of periodontitis may be prevented by regular examinations and treatment as well as continued proper oral hygiene.
It is also part of treatment when an infection develops.
It is essential to brush the teeth using a suitable brush and toothpaste at minimum twice every day, taking care to clean the chewing surfaces as well as the teeth’s sides.
Utilize floss, or an interdental toothbrush each day to cleanse between your teeth, and in areas which the toothbrush cannot get to.
The floss can be used to fill tiny gaps; however, the use of a dental toothbrush is beneficial for larger spaces.
Make sure to take extra care to clean surfaces with uneven surfaces such as tightly packed teeth, unbalanced teeth crowns or fillings and so on.
After cleaning, use an antibacterial mouthwash to stop the growth of bacteria and reduce any inflammation within the mouth.
As per the American Dental Association it is recommended to brush your teeth for two minutes at least twice per day using an electric or manual toothbrush with soft bristles.
Use fluoride toothpaste. Rinse the toothbrush well after use.
Store the toothbrush upright. Refill the tooth every 3-4 months, longer if bristles have become matted or frayed.