Top 10 Secret Societies That Shaped Our World

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The Union Of Salvation (Russia)

Many people are unaware of the contribution made by various secret societies in shaping the world we live in today. Most of the time these efforts aren’t only documented in our books of history. The societies that are listed in this list have occasionally been able to push their country forward, and sometimes reverse. But they did help create the world. Let’s examine 10 secret societies that helped shape our world:

1. The Union Of Salvation (Russia)

The Union Of Salvation (Russia)

The society was established by six officers of the military and their friends, whose goals were initially vague and distinct from one the other. After the Russian Czar passed away in 1825, they formed the Union under the direction by Pavel Pestle organized the Decembrist Uprising of 1825 in order to prevent his descendants from assuming the power. The revolt saw three thousand Russians trying to take over Czar Nicholas I on his debut day as a ruler and failed with disastrous consequences including censorship of the press, education, the creation of spy networks, etc. This uprising, however, was responsible for sowning the seeds to the next revolutionary era 100 years later, in 1917, the year that the Russian Empire was destroyed.

2. The Black Hand (Serbia)

The Black Hand (Serbia)

Unification Or Death was a Serbian organization that is better called The Black Hand. It was established in 1911 on the 9th of May, to fight against Ottoman rule. The 2,500 members who joined the society swore to protect the secrecy and privacy of the society over their personal lives. They operated at different levels and took significant measures to ensure that every member did not have contact with many of the others so that if one was arrested, he could not have any information to share about other members. It was believed that the Black Hand was leaded by Colonel Dragutin Dimitrijevic, who was also known as Apis, after the bull god from Ancient Egypt. It was he who organized the assassination plan of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand that led to the end during World War I.

3. Irish Republican Brotherhood (Irb)

Irish Republican Brotherhood (Irb)

James Stephens along with a handful of his fellow members established The Irish Revolutionary Brotherhood on St Patrick’s Day in 1858. The organization had centers spread across seven countries: Canada, USA, England, Australia (that was under the umbrella of the British Empire), New Zealand and South America. Each center was manned by an officer in charge of the colonel, with nine captains and nine sergeants, as well as nine privates. Every recruit was able to identify only his superiors to conceal their identity. By the year 1910, the brotherhood was comprised of several Irish members. They then under the direction by Thomas Clarke rose up in the year 1916 in a revolt that is now called The Easter Rising. However, the revolt was unsuccessful. Then, a few years later IBR led the Anglo-Irish conflict which culminated in an Irish Free State being created in 1921.

4. Katipunan (Philippines)

Katipunan (Philippines)

Katipunan was established at the Philippines in 1892, with the intention of fighting the Spanish dominance. The only word in the name is actually an abbreviated version of Kataastaasan Kagalang-galang N Katipunan Nang Manga anak Nang Bayan, which translates to the Supreme Worshipful Association of the Sons of the People. The society was a strictly male membership, which was passed down to the sons of their fathers. They followed all kinds of customs and rules as you would expect to as a secret society. However, the distinctive aspect of their ceremonies was that they swore to every document using their own blood, beginning with their foundation document on July 7th, 1892. Over the years, thousands of their members remained silent and never revealed any information their existence to Spanish authorities. Once their secrets were exposed, they reacted and launched an outright revolt that culminated in the Filipinos becoming independent on June 12th 1898.

5. Filiki Etaireia (Greece)

in 1814. Nikalaos Skoufas and Athanasios Tsakalov, with other merchants established in 1814 the Filiki Etaireia (“Friendly Brotherhood”) to challenge the Ottoman rule over their countryThe Brotherhood had a complex recruitment system that included the membership level being six levels which included the highest level which was filled with people who had a great education and wealth. With the assistance of an Russian officer known as Alexander Ypsilantis, the Brotherhood started its own Greek Revolution in the Spring of 1821. Unfortunately, right at the start of war the secret society broke up, but the revolution came to an end with Greece becoming independent.

6. The Hawaiian League (Hawaii)

The Hawaiian League (Hawaii)

The Hawaiian League was founded by 200 wealthy Europeans and Americans dissatisfied of their Hawaiian monarch King Kalakaua. They accused the King of being over-expensive, therefore they devised a strategy to overthrow the monarchy using assistance from American businessmen. In 1887 the secret society came into existence thanks to the constitution drawn up by Lorrin A. Thurston, however, the constitution didn’t last the passing of time. With 405 members and an alliance together with Honolulu Rifles, they managed to take over the reigns of the monarchy of Queen Liliuokalani in 1893. For the next five decades, Hawaii remained a republic until it became a state of the US in 1898. In 1959, Hawaii was officially declared fiftyth US state. US.

7. La Trinitaria (Dominican Republic)

La Trinitaria (Dominican Republic)

The La Trinitaria The La Trinitaria or The Trinity was established in July 1838 , in the Dominican Republic which was under Haitian rule since 1822. The Republican citizen was seeking freedom from the oppression of Haitians. It was in the spirit of such sentiments the Juan Pablo Duarte rose as an official in the national level and created The Trinity. Duarte was just 25 years old of age and the secret society was comprised of only eight members. The society was founded to spread national pride and independence. They used obscure methods of communication as well as pseudonyms to keep their identity secret. Apart from helping other rebel groups they attempted to lead an uprising in 1843 that did not succeed. They were imprisoned and Duarte left the country. However, The Trinity’s bold work had started the ball rolling . Even though they were still dormant Republicans began to rise up and fought until the Dominican Republic was declared free on February 27th 1844. However the day that Juan Pablo Duarte returned to be the president of the country that he helped create and was overthrown by a coup d’├ętat. Duarte died in exile in 1864.

8. The Carbonari (Italy)

The Carbonari (Italy)

There is no way to know what exactly happened when Carbonari was created. However, according to speculation that it began at the time that there was a Congress of Vienna was deciding about what to do with the territories conquered during the reign of Napoleon. In in 1815 Italy had been divided into various pieces. The Italian secret society is believed to comprise 60,000 members, and that they rebelled to King Ferdinand who was the ruler of Sicily as well as Naples. He was forced to surrender his authority. Then came the entirety of Italy becoming an extensive movement that eventually was a success in bringing about an unification for Italy in 1861.

9. Afrikaner Broderbund (South Africa)

Afrikaner Broederbond (South Africa)

The Afrikaner Broederbond group, established in 1918, was one step further and intended to take control of all of South Africa. The membership was limited to white males who were over the age of 25 and guided by self-promotional Afrikaner nationalism, which sought to rule over the culture, economy and political system in South Africa. Their ascendancy to power was astonishing and virtually every influential politician was a part in the social order. The result was the expression, “The South African government today is the Broederbond and the “Broederbond is the government.” It was only following Nelson Mandela’s victory of 1994, that their society started declining. Following this, they changed their name to Afrikanerbond and, now, are accepting members regardless of their religion, color and gender in the hope that they make South Africa a better country.

10. The Germanenorden (Germany)

The Germanenorden (Germany)

Germanenorden was founded in 1812 and was a group that was founded out of their struggle toward Jews and belief in Aryan race’s superiority. So it was not a surprise that in 1916 they adopted that Swastika symbol. They found members on proofs of their Aryan family heritage by proving birth certificates and other things. It was followed by initiation ceremonies that required members dressed as knights, nymphs, Kings, and so on. The group changed its name to The Thule Society around 1918 and played a role in the defeat of communalism. They later changed their name into The German Workers Party. In 1920, Adolf Hitler took over the group and made sure that they threw out the absurdity of their rituals.

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